Green Balkans Federation
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Activities
Activities
 
DIRECT ACTIVITIES FOR THE CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION OF THE LARGE VULTURES

  • Importing some 150-200 Griffon Vultures from Spain, accommodating them in four adaptation aviaries in the Balkan Mountains and releasing them for the restoration of the species as nesting and inhabiting the region;
  • Monitoring the dispersal of the released Griffon Vultures, identifying their settlement areas, dispersal patterns and threats, using satellite- and radio-telemetry;
  • Securing care and rehabilitation for vultures in distress at the one and only Wildlife Rescue Centre at Green Balkans – Stara Zagora;
  • Securing regular and safe (non-poisonous) supplementary feeding of the large vulture species in the Balkan Mountains and the Eastern Rhodopes;
  • Installing artificial nests for attracting breeding pairs of Black Vultures to nest in Bulgaria;

INDIRECT ACTIVITIES FOR IMPROVING THE HABITATS AND REDUCING THE THREAT FACTORS FOR VULTURES
:

  •  Anti poisoning activities, through prevention of carnivore attacks on domestic animals. This is going to be achieved through installing electric fences, distributing shepherd dogs and compensating the owners in case of proven damage on livestock;
  •  Supporting the conservation of key species of wild animals – food source for vultures (chamois, deer, tortoises etc.);
  •  Introducing model management and mapping of pine forests to secure suitable breeding habitat for Black Vultures;
  • Introducing model pastoral ecosystems management through revival of extensive livestock husbandry practices (e.g. Transhumance) in the Balkan Mountain;
  •  Advocating for adequate legal protection of the key Natura 2000 sites for the large vultures;
  • Setting up a Sustainable Tourism Development Programme for the target areas to use the presence of vultures to attract tourists and visitors;
  • Improving the attitude of local people towards vultures, involving them in nature conservation activities and organizing Festivals and wide public campaigns;

DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY:

  • Preparing and supporting the adoption of National Action Plans for the Blakc and the Bearded Vultures;
  • Encouraging the enforcement and implementation of legislation concerning the use of poison baits, shooting of birds of prey and establishment of dangerous for vultures infrastructure;
  • Improving the capacity of the Wildlife Rescue Centre for dealing with the vulture conservation programmes and using it as a consultant for the other Bulgarian partners – organizations and institutions, during their work with vultures;
  • Establishing a network of stakeholders for the successful conservation and restoration of the vultures, as well as tracking their dispersal into the wild;
  • Securing long-term exchange of information and know-how among leading experts from the country and abroad through constant communication, meetings and on-site visits;

The project has a significant model value, applying for the first time in Bulgaria the following nature conservation approaches and technologies:


  •  Captive breeding, acclimatization and rehabilitation of large vultures in Bulgaria;
  • Release of rehabilitated and captive-bred Griffon Vultures to re-establish their population in the Balkan Mountain
  • Increase the survival rate of wild and released vultures through provision of poison-free and supplementary feeding of the birds;
  • Identify settlement areas, dispersal patterns and threats to vultures using satellite and VHF telemetry to inform conservation actions;
  • Usе the attractiveness of large vultures to promote ecotourism and for conservation awareness raising and education.









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